A historical marker will be dedicated Saturday in Falkner to World War I veteran Orvil Lucian Cotten for his heroism.

April 23, 2011 · Posted in Uncategorized · Comments Off on A historical marker will be dedicated Saturday in Falkner to World War I veteran Orvil Lucian Cotten for his heroism. 

Historical marker to be dedicated to WWI veterans in Falkner

FALKNER, Miss. — A historical marker will be dedicated Saturday in Falkner to World War I veteran Orvil Lucian Cotten for his heroism.

The marker will be placed at the intersection of Tippah County Roads 200 and 264.

The Northeast Mississippi Daily Journal reports that the marker will be presented to Falkner and Tippah County by Cotten’s daughter Norma C. Leadford.

Cotten was born near Falkner in 1896 and died in Memphis in 1992. He is buried in the Cotten Cemetery, east of Falkner.

In World War I, Cotten was a Signal Corps telephone lineman in northern France. His job was to prepare telephone lines on the battlefield.

Records show Cotton distinguished himself during the Battle of St. Quentin Canal, Bellincort in northern France. On Sept. 27, 1918, after the Allied 30th Division was gassed by the Germans, Cotten, although injured in the gas attack, and working under constant shellfire, refused to be evacuated, and kept phone lines open between the 115th and 117th Allied Regiments.

He was awarded the Distinguished Service Cross, the British Military Medal and the French Croix de Guerre.

The historical marker was provided by the Mississippi Department of Archives and History and was paid for with private funds.

Information from: Northeast Mississippi Daily Journal,http://nems360.com/


Painted Rock on the Tule River Indian Reservation

April 23, 2011 · Posted in Uncategorized · Comments Off on Painted Rock on the Tule River Indian Reservation 

Painted Rock is located on the Tule River Indian
Reservation, above Porterville, in the Sierra Nevada foothills
of central California . This site, also known as CA-TUL-19, is
a rockshelter associated with a Native American Yokuts
village. The site, located immediately adjacent to the Tule
River, includes bedrock mortars, pitted boulders, midden and
pictographs. The pictographs are located within the
rockshelter, and are painted on the ceiling and walls of the
shelter The pictographs include paintings of a male, female,
and child Bigfoot (known as the family), coyote, beaver,
bear, frog, caterpillar, centipede, humans, eagle, condor,
lizard and various lines, circles, and other geometric
designs. The paintings are in red, black, white, and yellow.
This rock art site is unique; not only because it contains a
Bigfoot pictograph, but also because of the traditional Native
American stories that accompany it. There are no other
known creation stories involving a Bigfoot-like creature in
California. As far as can be determined, there are no Bigfoot
creation stories anywhere else in the west. There is also no
evidence of any other Bigfoot pictographs. Most states, including California, keep a database of all
recorded sites located on federal, state, county, city, or private land. Based on that information, there is
no other known Bigfoot pictographs or petroglyphs anywhere in California, Washington, Oregon,
Nevada, or Idaho.
This paper will describe the rock art, the known history of the site, the traditional Yokuts Hairy Man
stories, and the association of the rock art with other Penutian language groups.
Probably the most unusual feature of this site is the presence of an entire Bigfoot family. Besides the
male Hairy Man, there are also a female and child “bigfoot.” The mother is 1.8 meters high by 1.2
meters wide, and is solely red (Figure 6). The painting represents a 6-foot high, two-legged creature
with her arms open (Figure 7). She has five fingers and little other detail. Immediately adjacent to her,
and directly under her right hand, is her child. The child measures 1.2 meters high by 1 meter wide and
is also solely red . The painting represents a 4-foot high, two-legged creature with small arms and five
fingers. The figure has an unusually rounded head, suggestive of a sagittal crest .
Clewlow (1978) estimated that the paintings were made around A.D. 500, but could be as old as A.D. 1
or as young as AD. 1200 (2000 to 700 years old). Latta (1949) noted that year-round occupied villages
were placed at important places, either where paintings were or at some place where Indian
ceremonies were performed. Archaeologically, the village at Painted Rock was occupied in the late
prehistoric, around 500 years ago. Since it is believed that the paintings were present prior to the
village, the paintings are likely 500-1000 years old.
source: http://www.tulerivertribe-nsn.gov

Easter Celebration

April 23, 2011 · Posted in Church History · Comments Off on Easter Celebration 

Easter, which celebrates Jesus Christ’s resurrection from the dead, is Christianity’s most important holiday. It has been called a moveable feast because it doesn’t fall on a set date every year, as most holidays do. Instead, Christian churches in the West celebrate Easter on the first Sunday following the full moon after the vernal equinox on March 21. Therefore, Easter is observed anywhere between March 22 and April 25 every year. Orthodox Christians use the Julian calendar to calculate when Easter will occur and typically celebrate the holiday a week or two after the Western churches, which follow the Gregorian calendar.

The exact origins of this religious feast day’s name are unknown. Some sources claim the word Easter is derived from Eostre, a Teutonic goddess of spring and fertility. Other accounts trace Easter to the Latin term hebdomada alba, or white week, an ancient reference to Easter week and the white clothing donned by people who were baptized during that time. Through a translation error, the term later appeared as esostarum in Old High German, which eventually became Easter in English. In Spanish, Easter is known as Pascua; in French, Paques. These words are derived from the Greek and Latin Pascha or Pasch, for Passover. Jesus’ crucifixion and resurrection occurred after he went to Jerusalem to celebrate Passover (or Pesach in Hebrew), the Jewish festival commemorating the ancient Israelites’ exodus from slavery in Egypt. Pascha eventually came to mean Easter.

Easter is really an entire season of the Christian church year, as opposed to a single-day observance. Lent, the 40-day period leading up to Easter Sunday, is a time of reflection and penance and represents the 40 days that Jesus spent alone in the wilderness before starting his ministry, a time in which Christians believe he survived various temptations by the devil. The day before Lent, known as Mardi Gras or Fat Tuesday, is a last hurrah of food and fun before the fasting begins. The week preceding Easter is called Holy Week and includes Maundy Thursday, which commemorates Jesus’ last supper with his disciples; Good Friday, which honors the day of his crucifixion; and Holy Saturday, which focuses on the transition between the crucifixion and resurrection. The 50-day period following Easter Sunday is called Eastertide and includes a celebration of Jesus’ ascension into heaven.

In addition to Easter’s religious significance, it also has a commercial side, as evidenced by the mounds of jelly beans and marshmallow chicks that appear in stores each spring. As with Christmas, over the centuries various folk customs and pagan traditions, including Easter eggs, bunnies, baskets and candy, have become a standard part of this holy holiday.

Easter. (2011). The History Channel website. Retrieved 8:31, April 22, 2011, from http://www.history.com/topics/history-of-easter.

Are Penguin’s Ticklish

April 22, 2011 · Posted in Uncategorized · Comments Off on Are Penguin’s Ticklish 

Tickling a Penguin Video

Written by Deena on Apr-20-11 7:42pm
Have you ever seen a ticklish penguin!? Well, here’s your chance! There’s an adorable YouTube going around of a penguin being tickled, and it makes the cutest, funniest noise ever. It’s pretty much awesome and now Cookie is an internet sensation! 

Cookie the ticklish penguin! (YouTube)Cookie looks like it’s having a blast as a hand comes and tickles its black and white body, then it scurries around like it’s laughing and trying to escape. Who knew the little animals were so ticklish!

Cookie’s video has gotten about 600,000 views today, and everyone is so excited to see the waddling, laughing creature. The Cincinnati Zoo probably had no idea that it had a YouTube star on its hands!

See the tickling penguin video here:

Also on Zimbio:


Controversial Confucius statue vanishes from Tiananmen

April 22, 2011 · Posted in Uncategorized · Comments Off on Controversial Confucius statue vanishes from Tiananmen 

Communist celebrates apparent snub to ‘slave-owning sorcerer'; blogger jokes grimly about ‘suspected economic crimes’

Image: Confucius statue in Beijing in February and the same spot after the removal of the statue.

Jason Lee  /  Reuters

A combination picture shows a Confucius statue outside the National Museum of China in Beijing on February 28 and a security officer standing guard near a fence after the removal of the statue Thursday.
updated 4/22/2011 7:52:06 AM ET
  • A 30-foot statue of ancient Chinese philosopher Confucius — controversially erected outside a Communist Party museum in central Beijing — has quietly been removed from its plinth following an online uproar about its location.

The 17-ton statue had pride of place in front of the north gate of the recently renovated National Museum Of China, just offTiananmen Square and not far from the gaze of Chairman Mao’s famous portrait over the Forbidden City.

Some Chinese had complained that it was insulting of theCommunist Party to so honor Confucius, having vilified him during the turmoil of the Cultural Revolution in the 1960s and 1970s and never apologized for it.

Others said the Party had no right to appropriate Confucius and his ideals. Some even said venerating Confucius smacked of the kind of superstition the Communist revolution was supposed to have banished.

Story: Confucius shows up in China’s Tiananmen SquareThe statue, erected in January, has now disappeared and the site surrounded by blue barriers.

The museum is not saying why the stern-faced carving has gone — numerous calls seeking comment went unanswered — but the move has sparked heated debate online, some joking that Confucius had been banished for lacking a Beijing residence permit.

Not a party member
“Maybe Confucius has been taken away by police for suspected economic crimes?” wrote “criminal” on sina.com.cn’s popular microblog, in possible reference to a probe into detained Chinese artist Ai Weiwei.

“Is it because he is not a Communist Party member?” wondered “Yongtandiao MT.”

But the website maoflag.net, a popular forum for old-school fans of the Communist Party, celebrated Confucius’s removal, showing a picture on its front page of the statue with the character “demolish” superimposed on top.

Story: China stood up by winner of “Confucius peace prize”“The statue of the slave-owning sorcerer Confucius has been driven from Tiananmen Square!” crowed “Jiangxi Li Jianjun.”

Museum director Lu Zhangshen had told local media last month that as an important global cultural figure, and a Chinese one at that, Confucius deserved his spot.

“Please do not link the Confucius statue with politics. It has nothing to do with politics,” Lu was quoted as saying.

Once denounced as feudalistic by fervent Communist Red Guards during the Cultural Revolution in Mao-era China, Confucius’s 2,500-year-old ideas of filial piety and respect for education have made a comeback in China since the 1990s — as both a celebration of traditional Chinese culture, and a message of obedience to those in power.

The party has even co-opted him in its bid to soften the country’s image abroad. China began setting up “Confucius Institutes” in 2004 to teach Chinese language and culture and they are now in more than 80 countries.

Copyright 2011 Thomson Reuters. Click for restrictions.

  • © 2011 msnbc.com

People nailed to crosses in Good Friday ritual

April 22, 2011 · Posted in Church History · Comments Off on People nailed to crosses in Good Friday ritual 

People nailed to crosses in Good Friday ritual

AP reports: At least 24 Filipinos were nailed to wooden crosses to re-enact Jesus Christ’s suffering in a local Good Friday rite rejected by Catholic church leaders but witnessed by throngs of believers and thousands of tourists.

Romeo Ranoco / Reuters

Portraying Jesus Christ, Menandro Penafiel, 34, falls to the ground after being whipped and kicked by Roman soldiers to reenact Christ’s persecution and death during Good Friday in Boac town, Marinduque island, central Philippines, on Friday.

Ruben Enaje, a 50-year-old sign painter, screamed in pain as villagers dressed as Roman centurions hammered four-inch, stainless steel nails through his palm and set him aloft on a cross under a brutal sun for a few minutes in San Pedro Cutud village in Pampanga province as thousands watched.

Twenty-three other Filipino men were crucified in the rice-growing province, officials said.

It was Enaje’s 25th crucifixion. He says surviving nearly unscathed when he fell from a three-story building in 1985 prompted him to undergo the annual ordeal. Aside from thanking God, Enaje now prays for more painting jobs.

“Not a bone in my body was broken when I fell from that building,” Enaje said. “It was a miracle.”

“Now, I’m praying for good health and more clients,” Enaje told The Associated Press.

Erik de Castro / Reuters

Spectators watch as a penitent is nailed to a cross during the Good Friday lenten crucifixion rites in Cutud at San Fernando city of Pampanga province in northern Philippines on Friday, April 22. Nearly two dozen Filipinos were nailed to crosses to re-enact the passion of Jesus Christ on Good Friday, in what they see as an extreme display of devotion which the Roman Catholic church criticizes as a distortion of the Easter message.

Ahead of the crucifixions, throngs of penitents walked several miles (kilometers) through village streets and beat their bare backs with sharp bamboo sticks and pieces of wood, sometimes splashing spectators with blood. Some participants opened cuts in the penitents’ backs using broken glass to ensure the ritual was sufficiently bloody.

The gory spectacle reflects the Philippines’ unique brand of Catholicism, which merges church traditions with folk superstitions. Many of the mostly impoverished penitents undergo the ritual to atone for sins, pray for the sick or a better life and give thanks for what they believe were God-given miracles.

Erik de Castro / Reuters

Penitent Ruben Enaje grimaces in pain as he is nailed to a cross on Friday.

The most number of crucifixions were staged beside a ricefield in Pampanga’s San Pedro Cutud village, where 15 men were nailed to crosses three at a time on a dusty mound as more than 30,000 people, including three European ambassadors, watched and snapped pictures. An ambulance stood by and more than 20 tourists fainted or got dizzy in the heat, officials said.

Amid the festive air — villagers peddled bottled water, food and religious items everywhere — police and marshalls kept order. Some displayed banners with a reminder: “Silence please and take care of your belongings.”

Foreigners have been banned from taking part after an Australian comic got crucified under a false name a few years ago near Pampanga. Authorities also suspected that a Japanese man sought to be crucified as part of a porn film in 1996, tourism officer Ching Pangilinan said.

“They made a mockery out of a local tradition,” she said.

Erik de Castro / Reuters

Three-inch nails pierce the feet of a penitent crucified during the Good Friday lenten rites in San Juan on Friday.

Church leaders in the Philippines, Asia’s largest predominantly Roman Catholic nation, have frowned on the Easter week rituals, saying Filipinos can show their deep faith without hurting themselves.

Archbishop Angel Lagdameo, based in Iloilo Province, said the crucifixions and self-flagellations are an “imperfect imitation with doubtful theological and social significance,” adding that only Jesus Christ’s death saved mankind.


Pampanga Bishop Pablo Virgilio David said the bloody rites reflected the church’s failure to fully educate many Filipinos on Christian tenets.

Enaje and the other penitents said the church should respect their belief.

“When I’m up there on the cross, I feel very close to God,” Enaje said. “We grew up with this tradition and nothing can stop us.”

Erik de Castro / Reuters

Penitents hang on crosses as they are crucified during Good Friday Lenten rites in Cutud, San Fernando Pampanga in northern Philippines on Friday.

Red Cross officials’ concern centered on possible health problems like infection, heat stroke, blood loss and even death from the intense beating. They urged devotees to consider other forms of penance, including donating blood.

San Pedro Cutud village leader Remigio dela Cruz said no major health problem has befallen any penitent since the crucifixions began there in the 1950s. The nails are soaked in alcohol for as long as a year then sprinkled with holy water before use, he said.

Dondi Tawatao / Getty Images

Devout members of the religious sect “25 Mysteries Catholic Lay Missionaries” take part in a panata (or vow) called “Alay Luhod” to mark Holy Week in San Miguel town in Bulacan, Philippines, on Friday.


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