History of Fact Checking in Journalism

August 30, 2017 · Posted in America, Firsts in History · Comments Off on History of Fact Checking in Journalism 

A focus on fact-checking in American journalism was spurred on by yellow journalism and muckraking practices of the late 19th century and early years of the 20th century.

The Bureau of Accuracy and Fair Play that was founded in 1913 had the assignment to “correct carelessness and to stamp out fakes and fakers”. It served to find and apologize for already in print errors rather than preventing such errors from entering into print in the first place.

Time magazine was one of the earliest to use the actual term “fact checking” back in 1935 in an issue of Colliers that referred to the addition of “its researchers and fact-checkers from ten to twenty-two”.

source: Fact Checking History Time magazine

One of the Largest Financial Frauds in United States History

July 10, 2017 · Posted in American Business, Crime, Economic History · Comments Off on One of the Largest Financial Frauds in United States History 

Bernie Madoff was at once family man, trusted friend, business success story, and one of the most notorious Ponzi Scheme Kingpins in history. He was the man behind a deceitful scheme that devastated the lives of thousands including his own family.

By all appearances the Madoff’s were to be envied for their lavish jet setting, country club lifestyle, but the foundation of their grand version of the American Dream was fragile and precariously teetered upon the soon to shift sands of fraud.

The decades long gig was finally up, when Madoff was arrested on December 11, 2008. He was surprised by the FBI in the early morning hours, while still dressed in his pajamas.

Upon hearing the big confession his sons did not wait, as their father had requested, but instead immediately turned Madoff in to the authorities. And in fact, not long after this shocking reveal, neither son talked with their father again. The curtain was pulled back. They now knew who their father really was and the awful lie he had been hiding for all those many years.

Bernie was a success, but his success was not built on hard work and exceptional business acumen, but rather a delicate façade based on a relatively simple Ponzi scheme algorithm of theft and fraud. It all fell apart as many investors began calling in to withdraw their money (for some their entire life savings had been placed in Madoff’s care) in the wake of the 2008 Great Recession.

Who was this person capable of deceiving  thousands, including family and friends, straight faced and in a most calculated and convincing manner? A man who could sleep soundly beside Ruth in their Upper East Side apartment at night, while living the high life off other peoples savings. Does this make him part of that breed called psychopath? To learn more read the article in Town and Country  How Bernie Madoff took His Family Down .

Hitler’s Rise to Reign of Terror

May 4, 2017 · Posted in Holocaust, World War II · Comments Off on Hitler’s Rise to Reign of Terror 

On January 30, 1933 Adolph Hitler was appointed chancellor of Germany. Twelve years from his appointment Hitler committed  suicide on April 30, 1945 in Berlin, Germany, but not before using his power to enact the “Final Solution”.

The Final Solution is a benign sounding name for an unspeakably evil contemplation. This “solution” as Hitler and the Nazis called it, based on Nazi ideology, resulted in the horrific elimination of millions upon millions of innocent, human lives who were helpless to defend themselves. We must remember this atrocity, the Holocaust,  lest we ever forget.

“The genocide of the Jews  was the culmination of a decade of German policy under Nazi rule and the realization of a core goal of the Nazi dictator, Adolf Hitler. ”

Adolf Hitler, the Führer (Leader) of the Nazi party, formulated and articulated the ideas that came to be known as Nazi ideology. He thought of himself as a deep and profound thinker, convinced that he had found the key to understanding an extraordinarily complex world. ”

Source for numbers of deaths: The Holocaust Chronicle

Royal Wedding of the 20th Century

February 20, 2017 · Posted in Royal History · Comments Off on Royal Wedding of the 20th Century 

It was on  29 July 1981, a Wednesday, at St Paul’s Cathedral, London, United Kingdom, when Charles, Prince of Wales , and Lady Diana Spencer were married in a celebration on a grand, fairytale level of scale; what was called the “wedding of the century.”

The Royal Wedding Program


Royal Wedding

Coldest Winter in New York City

February 9, 2017 · Posted in New York City, Weather · Comments Off on Coldest Winter in New York City 

It was 83 years ago today on February 9th when the temperature in New York City was at 15 degrees below zero and stayed below zero for the entire day.


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