Hitler’s Rise to Reign of Terror

May 4, 2017 · Posted in Holocaust, World War II · Comments Off on Hitler’s Rise to Reign of Terror 

On January 30, 1933 Adolph Hitler was appointed chancellor of Germany. Twelve years from his appointment Hitler committed  suicide on April 30, 1945 in Berlin, Germany, but not before using his power to enact the “Final Solution”.

The Final Solution is a benign sounding name for an unspeakably evil contemplation. This “solution” as Hitler and the Nazis called it, based on Nazi ideology, resulted in the horrific elimination of millions upon millions of innocent, human lives who were helpless to defend themselves. We must remember this atrocity, the Holocaust,  lest we ever forget.

“The genocide of the Jews  was the culmination of a decade of German policy under Nazi rule and the realization of a core goal of the Nazi dictator, Adolf Hitler. ”

Adolf Hitler, the Führer (Leader) of the Nazi party, formulated and articulated the ideas that came to be known as Nazi ideology. He thought of himself as a deep and profound thinker, convinced that he had found the key to understanding an extraordinarily complex world. ”

Source for numbers of deaths: The Holocaust Chronicle

Royal Wedding of the 20th Century

February 20, 2017 · Posted in Royal History · Comments Off on Royal Wedding of the 20th Century 

It was on  29 July 1981, a Wednesday, at St Paul’s Cathedral, London, United Kingdom, when Charles, Prince of Wales , and Lady Diana Spencer were married in a celebration on a grand, fairytale level of scale; what was called the “wedding of the century.”

The Royal Wedding Program


Royal Wedding

Coldest Winter in New York City

February 9, 2017 · Posted in New York City, Weather · Comments Off on Coldest Winter in New York City 

It was 83 years ago today on February 9th when the temperature in New York City was at 15 degrees below zero and stayed below zero for the entire day.


Black History Month

February 3, 2017 · Posted in Black History, Civil Rights · Comments Off on Black History Month 

It was Dec. 1, 1955 on a city bus in Montgomery, Alabama that Rosa Parks, a NAACP member, bravely refused to move to the back of the bus. She refused to allow a white man to have her seat on the bus.

We often imagine that one individual citizen of the United States cannot make a difference. We give up before even trying. Believing that without large sums of money and powerful political backing it is an impossibility that one individual’s action can lead to change.

Thankfully we have the remarkable example of Rosa Parks. She reminds us of the power one person has to make a stand against social injustice. Her single act of determination to stand up, or in this case to stay sitting down, in the face of a  violent, even murderous, and intimidating society of racism could and did make a change. We must remember that this was no ordinary act of protest. The society of racism in Montgomery, Alabama was a formidable foe. The threat was very real. Many were willing and ready to  murder innocent people to maintain white power and privilege, where blacks are conveniently relegated, literally to the back of the bus, into a state of dehumanization.

Her arrest report can be found here.

Elizabeth I Becomes Queen

November 22, 2016 · Posted in Royal History, This Day in History · Comments Off on Elizabeth I Becomes Queen 

On November 17, 1558 at the age of 25, Elizabeth I became Queen taking over the throne from her half-sister Mary I, who died after a brief reign of only five years; they share a common father in King Henry VIII of England.

Elizabeth’s sister was given the unflattering moniker of “Bloody Mary” because of the protestants executed, or at the very least persecuted and imprisoned, under her Catholic rule.

Elizabeth I, in contrast to her sister’s short rule, was Queen for over 44 years. Her start in life was tragic. Her mother Anne Boleyn (the second wife of Henry VIII and as such the Queen of England) was found guilty of high treason on May 15, 1536 and beheaded four days later when Elizabeth was only two and a half years of age.

Elizabeth’s father the King had his marriage to Anne annulled and Elizabeth was declared illegitimate stripping away her title as princess and replaced with Lady Elizabeth.

But despite her dire beginnings that would have defeated most, it did not stop Elizabeth I from becoming one of our most admired and iconic Queens. Her time of reign is known as The Elizabethan era. Upon becoming Queen she made her intentions known. Her speech (Full document reproduced by Loades, 36–37. ) below:

My lords, the law of nature moves me to sorrow for my sister; the burden that is fallen upon me makes me amazed, and yet, considering I am God’s creature, ordained to obey His appointment, I will thereto yield, desiring from the bottom of my heart that I may have assistance of His grace to be the minister of His heavenly will in this office now committed to me. And as I am but one body naturally considered, though by His permission a body politic to govern, so shall I desire you all … to be assistant to me, that I with my ruling and you with your service may make a good account to Almighty God and leave some comfort to our posterity on earth. I mean to direct all my actions by good advice and counsel.

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