History making flood devastates Kansas on July 13, 1951.
500,000 people were left homeless and 24 people died. The Midwestern United States had not seen such destruction from flooding as great as this, since record taking had begun.
It was on the unluckiest of days, Friday the 13th, that some call Black Friday, when the flood swept down the Kansas River valley and into the Missouri River basin.
Above-average rainfall beginning in June and lasting through July 13th brought well over 25 inches to towns in eastern Kansas. Most affected major towns were Manhattan, Topeka and Lawrence. Also, 10,000 farms were destroyed as well.
The crest of the flood exceeded all previous highs by four to nine feet on July 13th, 1951.
|6||(Bridge Creek-Newcastle-Moore-Oklahoma City)||5/3/1999||F5||36||583|
|9||(Newcastle-South Oklahoma City-Moore)||5/20/2013||EF5||24||–|
Source: National Weather Service Weather Forecast Office, Norman, OK
It has been confirmed that the Friday, May 31, 2013 tornado, that brought destruction and death to El Reno, OK, was the widest ever in recorded history. Per the National Weather Service and a leading researcher, Howard Bluestein, no other tornado has ever reached such a mammoth breadth. The El Reno tornado stretched a maximum width of 2.6 miles.
The Aleutian island chain, Andes mountains of South America and the Micronesia tropics make up the geographical region known as the “Ring of Fire.” Plates underlying these areas on the Earth are made up of subduction zones. These are zones where oceanic tectonic plate go under a continental plate or another oceanic plate. This results in the increased volcanic and earthquake activity we have seen throughout history in this aptly named “Pacific Ring of Fire”.
The Solomon Islands are a part of this geographically volitile place, which saw a magnitude 8 earthquake in its nearby region today, Febuary 6, 2013, and has resulted in a Tsunami warning.
Tsunamis are the sometimes seen side effect when earthquakes rattle the ocean. See the definition of what a tsunami means: http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/tsunami
|1.||Chile||1960 05 22||9.5||-38.29||-73.05||Kanamori, 1977|
|2.||Prince William Sound, Alaska||1964 03 28||9.2||61.02||-147.65||Kanamori, 1977|
|3.||Off the West Coast of Northern Sumatra||2004 12 26||9.1||3.30||95.78||Park et al., 2005|
|4.||Near the East Coast of Honshu, Japan||2011 03 11||9.0||38.322||142.369||PDE|
|5.||Kamchatka||1952 11 04||9.0||52.76||160.06||Kanamori, 1977|
|6.||Offshore Maule, Chile||2010 02 27||8.8||-35.846||-72.719||PDE|
|7.||Off the Coast of Ecuador||1906 01 31||8.8||1.0||-81.5||Kanamori, 1977|
|8.||Rat Islands, Alaska||1965 02 04||8.7||51.21||178.50||Kanamori, 1977|
|9.||Northern Sumatra, Indonesia||2005 03 28||8.6||2.08||97.01||PDE|
|10.||Assam – Tibet||1950 08 15||8.6||28.5||96.5||Kanamori, 1977|
|11.||Off the west coast of northern Sumatra||2012 04 11||8.6||2.311||93.063||PDE|
|12.||Andreanof Islands, Alaska||1957 03 09||8.6||51.56||-175.39||Johnson et al., 1994|
|13.||Southern Sumatra, Indonesia||2007 09 12||8.5||-4.438||101.367||PDE|
|14.||Banda Sea, Indonesia||1938 02 01||8.5||-5.05||131.62||Okal and Reymond, 2003|
|15.||Kamchatka||1923 02 03||8.5||54.0||161.0||Kanamori, 1988|
|16.||Chile-Argentina Border||1922 11 11||8.5||-28.55||-70.50||Kanamori, 1977|
|17.||Kuril Islands||1963 10 13||8.5||44.9||149.6||Kanamori, 1977|
|Updated 2012 April 11|
On May 6, 1937, the golden age of airship travel comes to an end. During a landing in severe thunderstorms at the Lakehurst Naval Air Station in New Jersey, the Hindenburg bursts into flames and crashes. The tragedy brought an end to the popularity of Zeppelin airship travel and the common use of hydrogen as fuel. Hydrogen is now making a comeback as a component for cell phone towers, forklifts and even aircraft tugs.
At 803.8 feet in length and 135.1 feet in diameter, the German passenger airship Hindenburg (LZ-129) was the largest aircraft ever to fly. The commercial flights of Hindenburg, along with Graf Zeppelin, pioneered the first transatlantic air service. She carried hundreds of passengers and traveled thousands of miles before being destroyed in a tragic fire on May 6, 1937 at NAS Lakehurst. Please join us for a trip through Hindenburg’s history: