Oklahoma City Bombing
January 30, 2012 by
Filed under: Uncategorized
Oklahoma City bombing. (2012). The History Channel website. Retrieved 5:13, January 30, 2012, from http://www.history.com/topics/oklahoma-city-bombing.
Timothy McVeigh, an anti-government militant, set off a truck bomb at the Alfred P. Murrah Building in downtown Oklahoma City on April 19, 1995. The blast collapsed one side of the nine-story building and cost 168 people their lives. Until September 11, 2001, the Oklahoma City bombing was the worst terrorist attack to take place on U.S. soil. McVeigh received the death penalty for his crimes.
The Oklahoma City Bombing was a terrorist attack in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, on April 19, 1995, in which a massive homemade bomb concealed in a rental truck exploded, heavily damaging the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building. A total of 168 people were killed, including 19 children, and more than 500 were injured. The building was later razed, and a park was built on the site. The bombing remained the deadliest terrorist assault on U.S. soil until the attacks on the World Trade Center in New York City and the Pentagon outside Washington, D.C., in 2001.Although at first suspicion wrongly focused on Middle Eastern terrorist groups, attention quickly centred on Timothy McVeigh—who had been arrested shortly after the explosion for a traffic violation—and his friend Terry Nichols. Both were former U.S. Army soldiers and were associated with the extreme right-wing and militant Patriot movement. Two days after the bombing and shortly before he was to be released for his traffic violation, McVeigh was identified and charged as a suspect, and Nichols later voluntarily surrendered to police. McVeigh was convicted on 11 counts of murder, conspiracy, and using a weapon of mass destruction and was executed in 2001—the first person executed for a federal crime in the United States since 1963. Nichols avoided the death penalty but was convicted of conspiracy and eight counts of involuntary manslaughter and sentenced to life in prison. Other associates were convicted of failing to inform authorities about their prior knowledge of the conspiracy, and some observers believed that still other participants were involved in the attack.Although McVeigh and Nichols were not directly connected with any major political group, they held views characteristic of the broad Patriot movement, which feared authoritarian plots by the U.S. federal government and corporate elites. At its most extreme, the Patriot movement denied the legitimacy of the federal government and law enforcement. One manifestation of the rightist upsurge was the formation of armed militia groups, which, according to some sources, claimed a national membership of about 30,000 by the mid-1990s. The militias justified their existence by claiming a right to armed self-defense against an allegedly oppressive government. In this context, the date of the Oklahoma City attack was doubly significant, falling on two notable anniversaries. April 19 marked both Patriots’ Day, the anniversary of the American rebellion against British authority at Lexington, Massachusetts, in 1775, and the date that federal agents raided a heavily armed religious sect in Waco, Texas, in 1993. McVeigh claimed that the building in Oklahoma City was targeted to avenge the more than 70 deaths at Waco. Following the Oklahoma City attack, media and law enforcement officials began intense investigations of the militia movement and other armed extremist groups. By the end of the 1990s, membership in militia groups in the United States had dropped dramatically.
April 20 Admin
By JULIE DELCOUR World Staff Writer Published: 4/18/2010 2:23 AM Lou Michel recalls without hesitation the moment on a May day in 1999 when Timothy McVeigh delivered a soliloquy so dark, so chilling that the hair rose on the back of the veteran reporter’s neck. Caught in the act of being himself, nothing else McVeigh would […]
April 18 Admin
Oklahoma City Tragedy; Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building Bombing Overview of the Oklahoma City Bombing By Jennifer Rosenberg, About.com Guide On April 19, 1993, the standoff between the FBI and the Branch Davidian cult (led by David Koresh) at the Davidian compound in Waco, Texas ended in a fiery tragedy. When the FBI tried to end […]
April 5 Admin
Oklahoma City National Memorial features The Outdoor Symbolic Memorial consists of the following segments on 3.3 acres (13,000 m²); it can be visited 24 hours a day, 365 days a year. The Gates of Time: Monumental twin bronze gates frame the moment of destruction – 9:02 – and mark the formal entrances to the Outdoor Memorial. 9:01, […]
April 5 Admin
Marking the fifth anniversary of the Oklahoma City bombings, a national memorial was dedicated to the victims. NewsHour correspondent Betty Ann Bowser reports on the healing process. April 19, 2000 BETTY ANN BOWSER: For weeks people have been coming to watch the final work being done on the Oklahoma City National Memorial. They point […]