- World War I ends, 1918
- American Revolution
- Poor leadership leads to Cherry Valley Massacre, 1778
- The General Lee jumps into history, 1978
- Civil War
- Confederate General Benjamin McCulloch is born, 1811
- Cold War
- Soviet Union refuses to play Chile in World Cup Soccer, 1973
- Police make a grisly discovery in Dorothea Puente’s lawn, 1988
- Skiers die in cable-car fire, 2000
- General Interest
- Nat Turner executed in Virginia, 1831
- George Patton born, 1885
- Dedication of the Tomb of the Unknowns, 1921
- Interview with the Vampire debuts, 1994
- Louisa May Alcott publishes her first story, 1852
- Donna Summer earns her first #1 pop hit with “MacArthur Park”, 1978
- Old West
- Massive dust storm sweeps South Dakota, 1933
- Franklin Pierce marries Jane Appleton, 1834
- James Garfield marries Lucretia Rudolph, 1858
- Fernando Valenzuela wins Cy Young Award, 1981
- Vietnam War
- Viet Cong release U.S. prisoners of war, 1967
- Operation Commando Hunt commences, 1968
- Long Binh base turned over to South Vietnam, 1972
- World War I
- World War I ends, 1918
- World War II
- Draft age is lowered to 18, 1942
It was exactly forty years ago today (November 8) that Led Zeppelin IV was released to the world.IV wasn’t the official title for the album. The title was in symbols and it became known as symbols, IV and Zoso depending on who you talked to.
IV was Led Zeppelin’s biggest album, selling over 32 million units since its release. It is the third biggest selling album ever in the USA behind Eagles’ Their Greatest Hits and Michael Jackson’s Thriller.
Led Zeppelin started work on the album at Basing Street Studios in London in December 1970 while Jethro Tull were in another studio recording Aqualung.
Led Zeppelin recorded 11 songs at the sessions and eight made the album. The remaining three Down By The Seaside, Night Flight and Boogie With Stu were released four years later on Physical Graffiti.
The two singles released from the album were Black Dog and Rock and Roll. Australia was the only country in the world to release Stairway To Heaven as a 7′ vinyl EP with Black Dog and Rock and Roll on the other side.
November 6, 2011
Oklahoma Hit by Earthquake for a Second Night in a Row
By SARAH MASLIN NIR
For the second night in a row, an earthquake rattled Central Oklahoma late Saturday night, waking residents, breaking dishes and generally startling people more accustomed to natural disasters from above than from below their feet.
The quake, which the United States Geological Survey said had a preliminary magnitude of 5.6, occurred about 10:53 p.m. and was centered near Sparks, Okla., a town of 137 people about 45 miles east of Oklahoma City.
Justin Reese, manager of the Boomarang Diner in nearby Chandler, Okla., the seat of Lincoln County, said the shaking went on for about a minute and 40 seconds. He said that there was some damage but that it was too dark to say how much.
“It was scary,” said Mr. Reese, who added that Oklahomans “were not used to something like that.”
Neither the police department nor the fire department in Chandler reported any emergencies related to the quake. The Lincoln County Sheriff’s Department reported some structural and road damage.
A woman’s answering the dispatcher’s line at the sheriff’s department said some boulders had broken free in the county. She described them as “rocks the size of cars.” No injuries were reported, The Associated Press said.
The United States Geological Survey said that the quake was a shallow one, about three miles deep, and that the epicenter was four miles east of Sparks.
“You could feel it coming through the ground, and the walls started vibrating,” Mr. Reese said. “It rolled kind of just like a boat or a ship would roll underneath your feet.”
In the diner’s kitchen, several large galleys were knocked over, he said, and “we had a lot of breakage from plates.”
The quake was most intense for about 40 seconds, when “it was really lifting and moving things,” he said. “The next 60 seconds everything was just vibrating.”
The earthquake on Saturday followed a smaller one reported that day at 2:12 a.m. that was felt in neighboring states. Its epicenter was in Prague, Okla., about 50 miles east of Oklahoma City.
Mr. Reese, reached by phone early Sunday, said there were some “major cracks through the brick” of the Lincoln County Courthouse after the first quake.
“Tornadoes, we have a warning of,” he said. “These we have no warning; this is a total surprise.”
Oklahoma Geological Survey researcher Austin Holland told the Oklahoma City television station KOTV that the earthquake and aftershocks occurred on a known fault line, The A.P. said, adding that residents in Prague and Sparks felt an intense shaking.
Nov 1, 1512
The ceiling of the Sistine Chapel in Rome, one of Italian artist Michelangelo’s finest works, is exhibited to the public for the first time.
Michelangelo Buonarroti, the greatest of the Italian Renaissance artists, was born in the small village of Caprese in 1475. The son of a government administrator, he grew up in Florence, a center of the early Renaissance movement, and became an artist’s apprentice at age 13. Demonstrating obvious talent, he was taken under the wing of Lorenzo de’ Medici, the ruler of the Florentine republic and a great patron of the arts. After demonstrating his mastery of sculpture in such works as the Pieta (1498) and David (1504), he was called to Rome in 1508 to paint the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel—the chief consecrated space in the Vatican.
Michelangelo’s epic ceiling frescoes, which took several years to complete, are among his most memorable works. Central in a complex system of decoration featuring numerous figures are nine panels devoted to biblical world history. The most famous of these is The Creation of Adam, a painting in which the arms of God and Adam are stretching toward each other. In 1512, Michelangelo completed the work.
After 15 years as an architect in Florence, Michelangelo returned to Rome in 1534, where he would work and live for the rest of his life. That year saw his painting of the The Last Judgment on the wall above the altar in the Sistine Chapel for Pope Paul III. The massive painting depicts Christ’s damnation of sinners and blessing of the virtuous and is regarded as a masterpiece of early Mannerism.
Michelangelo worked until his death in 1564 at the age of 88. In addition to his major artistic works, he produced numerous other sculptures, frescoes, architectural designs, and drawings, many of which are unfinished and some of which are lost. In his lifetime, he was celebrated as Europe’s greatest living artist, and today he is held up as one of the greatest artists of all time, as exalted in the visual arts as William Shakespeare is in literature or Ludwig van Beethoven is in music.
Sistine Chapel ceiling opens to public. (2011). The History Channel website. Retrieved 2:55, November 1, 2011, from http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/sistine-chapel-ceiling-opens-to-public.
NEW YORK (KABC) — The Statue of Liberty turns 125 Friday, and the iconic structure is being celebrated with a high-tech facelift.
Internet-connected cameras have been installed around the torch to offer a different view of New York City.
The city will be hosting festivities all day to commemorate the Statue of Liberty’s dedication on Oct 28, 1886.
The ceremony includes the swearing in of 125 new citizens, a poem reading by Sigourney Weaver and 12-minute Macy’s Fireworks display choreographed to patriotic music.
The Associated Press contributed to this report.
(Copyright ©2011 KABC-TV/DT. All Rights Reserved.)
in the November 2011 issue of National Geographic
The Staffordshire Hoard, as it was quickly dubbed, electrified the general public and Anglo-Saxon scholars alike. Spectacular discoveries, such as the royal finds at Sutton Hoo in Suffolk, had been made in Anglo-Saxon burial sites. But the treasure pulled from Fred Johnson’s field was novel—a cache of gold, silver, and garnet objects from early Anglo-Saxon times and from one of the most important kingdoms of the era. Moreover, the quality and style of the intricate filigree and cloisonné decorating the objects were extraordinary, inviting heady comparisons to such legendary treasures as the Lindisfarne Gospels of the Book of Kells.
Once cataloged, the hoard was found to contain some 3,500 pieces representing hundreds of complete objects. And the items that could be securely identified presented a striking pattern. There were more than 300 sword-hilt fittings, 92 sword-pommel caps, and 10 scabbard pendants. Also noteworthy: There were no coins or women’s jewelry, and out of the entire collection, the three religious objects appeared to be the only nonmartial pieces. Intriguingly, many of the items seemed to have been bent or broken. This treasure, then, was a pile of broken, elite, military hardware hidden 13 centuries ago in a politically and militarily turbulent region. The Staffordshire Hoard was trilling and historic—but above all it was enigmatic.
Read more online here: http://ngm.nationalgeographic.com/featurehub
The photos below can be viewed in the November 2011 issue of National Geographic http://ngm.nationalgeographic.com/2011/11/gold-hoard/clark-photography
©Robert Clark/National Geographic
On a farm near his home Terry Herbert shows off the metal detector that led him to the gold. “I just couldn’t stop the items from coming out of the ground,” he says. He received half the treasure’s assessed value of almost $5.3 million.
©Robert Clark/National Geographic
A figure pocked with nail holes may represent a horse—or a bear, or a boar, or even a wolf. Just 1.6 inches high, it was made by a master goldsmith who knew how to heat the metal almost to melting point to attach the tiny swirls. All artifacts owned by: Birmingham Museums and Art Gallery; Potteries Museum and Art Gallery, Stoke-on-Trent.
©Robert Clark/National Geographic
A strip of gold once studded with a gem bears the same biblical quotation in Latin on each side: Moses’ declaration, translated above, as the Israelites journeyed out of Sinai. The object may have decorated the arm of a cross prized by recent converts to Christianity. All artifacts owned by: Birmingham Museums and Art Gallery; Potteries Museum and Art Gallery, Stoke-on-Trent.
Also, on October 29, the National Geographic Museum will open an exhibit on the hoard featuring pieces from the collection! In addition, ‘Lost Gold: War, Treasure, and theMystery of the Saxons’ has just been published- the trailer can be seen here: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=o1p6dPOQ_AY