73rd Anniversary of Pearl Harbor

December 7, 2014 · Posted in World War II · Comments Off on 73rd Anniversary of Pearl Harbor 

It was Dec. 7, 1941 when the Japanese bombed Pearl Harbor. Eye Witness Account from 91 years old Aaron Chabin.

The Intrepid museum is honoring the anniversary with a special ceremony.

Pearl Harbor attack facts: Time was 7:48 a.m. Hawaii time ; place was U.S. Naval base on the island of Oahu, Hawaii, west of Honolulu;

The Battleships:

Arizona exploded; total loss. 1,177 dead.

Oklahoma: five torpedoes, capsized; total loss. 429 dead. Refloated November 1943;capsized and lost while under tow to the mainland May 1947.

West Virginia: hit by two bombs, seven torpedoes, sunk; returned to service July 1944. 106 dead.

California: hit by two bombs, two torpedoes, sunk; returned to service January 1944. 100 dead.

Nevada: hit by six bombs, one torpedo, beached; returned to service October 1942. 60 dead.

Tennessee: hit by two bombs; returned to service February 1942. 5 dead.

Maryland: hit by two bombs; returned to service February 1942. 4 dead (including floatplane pilot shot down).

Pennsylvania (Kimmel’s flagship):[111] in drydock with Cassin and Downes, hit by one bomb, debris from USS Cassin; remained in service. 9 dead.

Ex-battleship (target/AA training ship)

Utah: hit by two torpedoes, capsized; total loss. 64 dead.

More than 2,400 Americans died in the attack, and another 1,178 were wounded.

Pearl Harbor’s Battleship Row

History of Lysergic-Acid-Diethylamide

December 6, 2014 · Posted in LSD · Comments Off on History of Lysergic-Acid-Diethylamide 

There are numerous names on the street for lysergic-acid-diethylamide: acid, trips, cid,  blotter, doses, dots and many others. In 1938 the Swiss scientist Albert Hofmann discovered this potent psychoactive agent (a hallucinogen) .

Hofman lived to the ripe old age of 102 when he died of a heart attack in April of 2008. He did not realize LSDs psycho-pharmacological effects until five years after its synthesis. What a surprise it must have been when he accidentally ingested the drug and was sent on a potent mind altering trip. Apparently (though it is known in some people to create scary and dangerous reactions) it was a pleasant experience for Hofman, since he subsequently took LSD on hundreds of occasions. New York Times

The compound was found by Hofman in the ergot fungus, which grows in rye kernels.


Wikimedia Commons

Wikimedia Commons

World’s Oldest Calculator

November 29, 2014 · Posted in Science · Comments Off on World’s Oldest Calculator 

www.computerhistory.org A Classical Wonder: The Antikythera Mechanism

The Antikythera Mechanism, oldest known calculator, is even older than first thought.

It was found in 1900 as part of a shipwreck off the Greek island of Antikythera. The technological complexity of this device, which is believed to have charted moving planets, marked the passing of days and years, and also may have predicted eclipses, was designed ahead of any other similar invention by more than 1000 years.

Argentinian researchers have corrected the original creation date of 100 to 150 BC, determined by radiocarbon dating analysis, to an earlier date of 205 BC. , since discovering an eclipse prediction calendar dial on the back of the mechanism that predicted a May 12, 205 B.C. solar eclipse.

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Jonas Salk’s 100th Birthday

October 26, 2014 · Posted in Medicine, Science, This Day in History · Comments Off on Jonas Salk’s 100th Birthday 

The History of Polio is forever and inextricably linked with  Jonas Salk . Salk’s eagerly anticipated achievement of inoculation against the much feared polio virus was made public on April 12, 1955

Not long after the announcement of the success of the Salk Vaccine , Jonas appeared in what would become a well-known television interview with Edward R. Murrow. When Murrow asked why he did not obtain a patent on his medical discovery, Salk famously said in response, “Would you patent the sun?” His response left the impression that it was a morally motivated decline on Salk’s part that resulted in an unpatented invention. But there are other details that point to the possibility of an altogether different reason having less to do with Salk and more to do with other factors  apart from Salk’s refusal to apply for a patent.

October 28, 1914 marks the 100th anniversary of Jonas Salk’s birthday.

1985 Interview with Salk

Top Ten Deadliest Tornadoes in Oklahoma History

October 2, 2014 · Posted in Disasters, Oklahoma History, Weather · Comments Off on Top Ten Deadliest Tornadoes in Oklahoma History 
Rank City Date Scale Fatalities Injuries
1 Woodward 4/9/1947 F5 116 782
2 Snyder 5/10/1905 F5 97* 58*
3 Peggs 5/2/1920 F4 71 100
4 Antlers 4/12/1945 F5 69 353
5 Pryor 4/27/1942 F4 52 350
6 (Bridge Creek-Newcastle-Moore-Oklahoma City) 5/3/1999 F5 36 583
7 Oklahoma City 6/12/1942 F4 35 100
8 Cleveland County 04/25/1893 F4 33 ~100
9 (Newcastle-South Oklahoma City-Moore) 5/20/2013 EF5 24
10 Bethany 11/19/1930 F4 23 150

Source: National Weather Service Weather Forecast Office, Norman, OK

Conditions of Hong Kong Reverting to Chinese Rule

August 31, 2014 · Posted in Civil Rights · Comments Off on Conditions of Hong Kong Reverting to Chinese Rule 

Talks began in 1982 between Margaret Thatcher and Deng Xiaoping that would determine the future fate of Hong Kong. Prime Minister Thatcher flew to Peking (Beijing the capital of the People’s Republic of China) in September 1982 in hopes of retaining Hong Kong as British, but she failed in her attempt.

Two years later in 1984 the signing between China and Britain of a “Joint Declaration” permitted that China would take back Hong Kong in 1997. Thatcher insisted on the inclusion of certain contingencies, being that during the 50 years following China’s take back of sovereignty, Hong Kong must remain a special administrative region; meaning Hong Kong SAR would be a separate system in two respects retaining its capitalist economy and a partial democratic political system.

But Thatcher from her own words revealed her thoughts and feelings regarding the chances for this “one country, two systems” success. Only continued British administration – British ‘rule’, she said – could guarantee Hong Kong’s well-being beyond 1997.

Proving her premonition we read today that in fact Mainlaind China is chipping away at Hong Kong’s democracy by limitting the people’s electoral choices to be only those first approved by China, which of course is not a true free election by the people and for the people. Many Hong Kong people are protesting this violation of their rights. We will watch to see how things will play out in the years to come.
Tags: Hong Kong SAR, China’s Take Back of Hong Kong, Margaret Thatcher, Hong Kong Democracy

Source: ( http://www.independent.co.uk/arts-entertainment/how-mrs-thatcher-lost-hong-kong-ten-years-ago-fired-up-by-her-triumph-in-the-falklands-war-margaret-thatcher-flew-to-peking-for-a-lastditch-attempt-to-keep-hong-kong-under-british-rule–only-to-meet-her-match-in-deng-xiaoping-two-years-later-she-signed-the-agreement-handing-the-territory-to-china-1543375.html)

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