Birthday History Greeting

April 23, 2011 · Posted in Uncategorized · Comments Off on Birthday History Greeting 

You will receive a copy of the greeting too!
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A historical marker will be dedicated Saturday in Falkner to World War I veteran Orvil Lucian Cotten for his heroism.

April 23, 2011 · Posted in Uncategorized · Comments Off on A historical marker will be dedicated Saturday in Falkner to World War I veteran Orvil Lucian Cotten for his heroism. 

Historical marker to be dedicated to WWI veterans in Falkner

FALKNER, Miss. — A historical marker will be dedicated Saturday in Falkner to World War I veteran Orvil Lucian Cotten for his heroism.

The marker will be placed at the intersection of Tippah County Roads 200 and 264.

The Northeast Mississippi Daily Journal reports that the marker will be presented to Falkner and Tippah County by Cotten’s daughter Norma C. Leadford.

Cotten was born near Falkner in 1896 and died in Memphis in 1992. He is buried in the Cotten Cemetery, east of Falkner.

In World War I, Cotten was a Signal Corps telephone lineman in northern France. His job was to prepare telephone lines on the battlefield.

Records show Cotton distinguished himself during the Battle of St. Quentin Canal, Bellincort in northern France. On Sept. 27, 1918, after the Allied 30th Division was gassed by the Germans, Cotten, although injured in the gas attack, and working under constant shellfire, refused to be evacuated, and kept phone lines open between the 115th and 117th Allied Regiments.

He was awarded the Distinguished Service Cross, the British Military Medal and the French Croix de Guerre.

The historical marker was provided by the Mississippi Department of Archives and History and was paid for with private funds.

Information from: Northeast Mississippi Daily Journal,


Painted Rock on the Tule River Indian Reservation

April 23, 2011 · Posted in Uncategorized · Comments Off on Painted Rock on the Tule River Indian Reservation 

Painted Rock is located on the Tule River Indian
Reservation, above Porterville, in the Sierra Nevada foothills
of central California . This site, also known as CA-TUL-19, is
a rockshelter associated with a Native American Yokuts
village. The site, located immediately adjacent to the Tule
River, includes bedrock mortars, pitted boulders, midden and
pictographs. The pictographs are located within the
rockshelter, and are painted on the ceiling and walls of the
shelter The pictographs include paintings of a male, female,
and child Bigfoot (known as the family), coyote, beaver,
bear, frog, caterpillar, centipede, humans, eagle, condor,
lizard and various lines, circles, and other geometric
designs. The paintings are in red, black, white, and yellow.
This rock art site is unique; not only because it contains a
Bigfoot pictograph, but also because of the traditional Native
American stories that accompany it. There are no other
known creation stories involving a Bigfoot-like creature in
California. As far as can be determined, there are no Bigfoot
creation stories anywhere else in the west. There is also no
evidence of any other Bigfoot pictographs. Most states, including California, keep a database of all
recorded sites located on federal, state, county, city, or private land. Based on that information, there is
no other known Bigfoot pictographs or petroglyphs anywhere in California, Washington, Oregon,
Nevada, or Idaho.
This paper will describe the rock art, the known history of the site, the traditional Yokuts Hairy Man
stories, and the association of the rock art with other Penutian language groups.
Probably the most unusual feature of this site is the presence of an entire Bigfoot family. Besides the
male Hairy Man, there are also a female and child “bigfoot.” The mother is 1.8 meters high by 1.2
meters wide, and is solely red (Figure 6). The painting represents a 6-foot high, two-legged creature
with her arms open (Figure 7). She has five fingers and little other detail. Immediately adjacent to her,
and directly under her right hand, is her child. The child measures 1.2 meters high by 1 meter wide and
is also solely red . The painting represents a 4-foot high, two-legged creature with small arms and five
fingers. The figure has an unusually rounded head, suggestive of a sagittal crest .
Clewlow (1978) estimated that the paintings were made around A.D. 500, but could be as old as A.D. 1
or as young as AD. 1200 (2000 to 700 years old). Latta (1949) noted that year-round occupied villages
were placed at important places, either where paintings were or at some place where Indian
ceremonies were performed. Archaeologically, the village at Painted Rock was occupied in the late
prehistoric, around 500 years ago. Since it is believed that the paintings were present prior to the
village, the paintings are likely 500-1000 years old.

Easter Celebration

April 23, 2011 · Posted in Church History · Comments Off on Easter Celebration 

Easter, which celebrates Jesus Christ’s resurrection from the dead, is Christianity’s most important holiday. It has been called a moveable feast because it doesn’t fall on a set date every year, as most holidays do. Instead, Christian churches in the West celebrate Easter on the first Sunday following the full moon after the vernal equinox on March 21. Therefore, Easter is observed anywhere between March 22 and April 25 every year. Orthodox Christians use the Julian calendar to calculate when Easter will occur and typically celebrate the holiday a week or two after the Western churches, which follow the Gregorian calendar.

The exact origins of this religious feast day’s name are unknown. Some sources claim the word Easter is derived from Eostre, a Teutonic goddess of spring and fertility. Other accounts trace Easter to the Latin term hebdomada alba, or white week, an ancient reference to Easter week and the white clothing donned by people who were baptized during that time. Through a translation error, the term later appeared as esostarum in Old High German, which eventually became Easter in English. In Spanish, Easter is known as Pascua; in French, Paques. These words are derived from the Greek and Latin Pascha or Pasch, for Passover. Jesus’ crucifixion and resurrection occurred after he went to Jerusalem to celebrate Passover (or Pesach in Hebrew), the Jewish festival commemorating the ancient Israelites’ exodus from slavery in Egypt. Pascha eventually came to mean Easter.

Easter is really an entire season of the Christian church year, as opposed to a single-day observance. Lent, the 40-day period leading up to Easter Sunday, is a time of reflection and penance and represents the 40 days that Jesus spent alone in the wilderness before starting his ministry, a time in which Christians believe he survived various temptations by the devil. The day before Lent, known as Mardi Gras or Fat Tuesday, is a last hurrah of food and fun before the fasting begins. The week preceding Easter is called Holy Week and includes Maundy Thursday, which commemorates Jesus’ last supper with his disciples; Good Friday, which honors the day of his crucifixion; and Holy Saturday, which focuses on the transition between the crucifixion and resurrection. The 50-day period following Easter Sunday is called Eastertide and includes a celebration of Jesus’ ascension into heaven.

In addition to Easter’s religious significance, it also has a commercial side, as evidenced by the mounds of jelly beans and marshmallow chicks that appear in stores each spring. As with Christmas, over the centuries various folk customs and pagan traditions, including Easter eggs, bunnies, baskets and candy, have become a standard part of this holy holiday.

Easter. (2011). The History Channel website. Retrieved 8:31, April 22, 2011, from